After weaving & washing, natural cotton takes on an off-white hue like a pale ecru or cream. Once the cloth is ready to be dyed, it is sent directly to the dyer. Once bleached and washed, it is typically treated with optical whiteners and washed again if it is to be marketed as “white” clothes used as PFD Fabric. In a way, optical whiteners are a white dye. While there is no “white” dye, optical whiteners occupy the same chemical regions as dyes. As a result, natural, unbleached textiles are claimed to be better at absorbing colors than synthetic, “white,” or optically whitened materials.

What is PFD Fabric (Prepared for Dyeing)

After weaving and washing, cotton takes on an off-white hue, resembling cream. If a piece of cloth is to be colored, the first place it goes is in the dryer. Fabric designed for use as white clothes (bleached fabric) will be bleached first, then washed and treated with optical whiteners to get this result. Optical whiteners serve as a substitute for a white dye in lighting systems and lenses. Although it isn’t strictly a dye, it performs the same purposes as dyes. The reason for this is that textiles that have not been optically whitened (i.e., unbleached) are supposed to accept dye better than those that have (white clothing).

PFD items are:

  • Optic whiteners are not included (off white in color)
  • Cotton thread was used in the construction of this garment.
  • Cut a little too big.
  • Not pre-shrunk

Spectra’s dyed shirts aren’t pre-shrunk. Thus they’re cut a little bigger when you get them. Because the cotton thread is utilized, the dye will be evenly distributed throughout the t-shirt. In the neck, shoulder, armhole, or hemline of the garment, the poly thread would make a striking contrast in color in this PFD Fabric.

What is RTD (Ready to Dye)

Typically, this means:

  • No sizing or finishing was given to the cloth, which would have impeded coloring.
  • The cotton thread may or may not be used in the object’s construction.
  • It is possible but not guaranteed that the item will be trimmed larger than necessary to account for shrinkage.

PFD Fabric and RTD textiles are identical when dyed, and there is no discernible difference between them. We have a hard time seeing the decrease in dye absorption due to ocular whiteners’ presence. (It all depends on your mileage.)Several craftspeople use bleached or optically whitened fabric and clothes in their work, such as tie-dyers, stampers, and batikers.

Is PFD Fabric Required for Dyeing?

The answer is no. Regular cotton may be used for dyeing, but it must first be washed. However, not every kind of cloth will take the color as well as others. Make a little sample piece of the fabric before you go wild and dye a large portion of the cloth. While some individuals have successfully colored normal cotton, others have had portions that didn’t absorb the dye as well, resulting in a lighter shade of color. Because the price difference between ordinary cotton and PFD Fabric isn’t significant, people choose to buy what they know will work than putting in the time and effort to wash it first. Having to do less is always a good thing in my book!


Gossypium is a staple fiber that is soft and fluffy. It is a member of the Malvaceae family and originates in a boll, which is a protective shell surrounding the seeds of cotton plants. Cellulose is essentially the only material found in the fiber. The cotton bolls will help to spread the seeds in the natural environment.

As a shrub, the plant may be found in tropical and subtropical climates across the globe. Following Australia and Africa are Mexico and the rest of the world’s wild cotton species. Cotton was domesticated in both the Old and the New Worlds separately.

The yarn or thread made from the fiber is often used to create a supple, breathable textile. Textiles made of cotton date back to the ancient era, with samples of cotton fabric found in Mexico and the Indus Valley Civilization dating back to between 6000 and 5000 years before Christ. Cotton has been farmed since ancient times, but it wasn’t until the creation of the cotton gin that the cost of production was reduced enough to make it more commonly utilized.

Physical Printing Of Textiles From A Computer

Inkjet printing on cloth is referred to as this technique. Printing tiny images onto garments (t-shirts, outfits, promotional clothing; abbreviated as DTG, which means Direct to Garment) and bigger designs onto large-format bulk textile are the most common examples of this kind of is sometimes referred to as digital textile printing. Advertising and corporate logos are increasingly being printed into polyester media as a visual communication trend. Flags, banners, signage, and store designs are examples of this.

The following are the different types of printing:

  • Direct Print
  • Resist Print
  • Specialty Print
  • Discharge Print
  • Pigment Print

In the late 1980s, digital textile printing was considered an alternative to analog screen printing. The development of a dye-sublimation printer in the early 1990s made it feasible to print with low-energy sublimated inks as well as high-energy dispersed direct inks. This opened the door for the possibility of printing dye-sublimation designs directly into textile materials.


It is a layer put on the surface of something, which is usually called the substrate. The coating application might be for ornamental, functional, or a combination of the two purposes. The coating on its own may either be a whole coating that covers the substrate entirely, or it can be a partial coating that just covers a portion of the substrate. A product label on several drinks bottles contains one functional coating (the adhesive) plus one or more decorative coatings (the printing) to create the text and graphics.

The majority of paints and lacquers are used to both preserve the substrate and to be beautiful. However, certain artists’ paintings are exclusively used for adornment, while the paint on huge industrial pipes is apparently only used to prevent corrosion.

It is possible to apply functional coatings on the substrate in order to alter the surface qualities such as adhesion, wettability, or corrosion resistance. Suppose the substrate is a wafer, such as in semiconductor device manufacture. In that case, the coating provides a new attribute such as magnetic response or even electrical conductivity that is vital to the completed product.

Textile Printing:

It’s a technique for putting color to cloth in specific patterns or motifs. The color is permanently attached to the fiber incorrectly printed textiles, making them resistant to washing and abrasion. Printing and dying are both methods of covering cloth with color, but printing uses a variety of colors and designs, and dyeing uses a consistent color all over the fabric.

Colors may be applied to the cloth using stencils, engraved plates, rollers, or silkscreens. Printing colorants include thicker dyes to prevent capillary attraction from extending beyond the pattern or design.

Technical Fabrics:

Strong, pleasant, lightweight, and simple to maintain textiles are in high demand. To be ready for the missions of the future, these materials must go above and beyond today’s requirements. Hide your instruments and yourself from view. Multispectral capabilities may also be included in COT-TONE TECH’s visual camouflage designs.

COT-TONE TECH has textiles that protect individuals from high heat to cold temperatures, allowing them to wear clothes and gear to keep them safe. Most textiles have the same properties: lightweight, moisture-wicking, and anti-microbial. Multiple layers are the best way to defend yourself from all kinds of weather.